Writing the Internet into your Behavior Support Plan

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org Some of you are old enough to remember a time before the Internet, and certainly a time before mobile devices became popular.  These two events are roughly comparable to the major innovations in…


Five Keys to Positive Reinforcement

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org Aubrey Daniels International, a leader in Organizational Behavior Management, brings us an illustrative infographic on how leaders can effectively deliver positive reinforcement to their staff. These tips will be useful to…


How Darwin and Skinner got it wrong and what it means for ABA.

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org In a sense, Darwin was wrong…and for that matter Skinner was too. Both men regarded biological traits as constants that affected survival and reproduction, or that served as a basic infrastructure…


Radical Behaviorism aint the only game in town!

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org Most bSci21 readers are familiar with B.F. Skinner’s Radical Behaviorism.  In the opening lines of About Behaviorism Skinner states that it is not a science, but the philosophy of a science.  The…


What is a metacontingency?

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org There are contingencies and then there are metacontingencies.  The prefix “meta” suggests something that subsumes operant contingencies to include something more.  This “something more” refers to Interlocked Behavioral Contingencies, or IBCs…


How To Use Your Smartphone For Behavior Change

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org Smartphones.  Those gadgets we just can’t seem to live without, that create so much anxiety if they turn up missing or (worse) are damaged beyond repair, have a new use these…


Do you really understand selection by consequences?

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org B. F. Skinner is best known for the development of operant conditioning — the process by which the consequences of our behavior affect the future probability of its recurrence given particular antecedent conditions….




Dream Research in Applied Behavior Analysis

By Todd A. Ward, PhD, BCBA-D Founding Editor, bSci21.org Lucid dreaming — we’ve all done it at some point in our lives.  That’s the type of dreaming in which you realize you are dreaming inside of the dream.  The experience…